Top 5 Telecommunication Trends For 2022
Telecommunications, often known as telecom, is the electronic exchange of information across long distances, and it includes all forms of voice, data, and video transmission. This is a broad phrase that encompasses a wide range of information-transmission technologies and communications infrastructures, including landline phones, mobile devices like cellphones, microwave communications, fiber optics, satellites, radio and television broadcasts, the internet, and telegraphs.
A full telecommunications circuit is made up of two stations, each with a transmitter and a receiver. Any station's transmitter and receiver can be merged into a single device known as a transceiver. Signal transmission mediums include electrical wire or cable (commonly known as copper), optical fiber, electromagnetic fields, or light. Wireless communications refer to the transmission and receipt of data in free space using electromagnetic fields.
It's been over a year since the first major event to go 5G: Super Bowl LIV. 5G stands for the fifth generation and is the most recent, but by no means the final, industry trend expected to be applied globally after telecom giants have already revealed their demos and testing. 5G pushes seamlessness to new heights.
In an era where high-speed communication is more important than ever, 5G is ready to match these lofty expectations. The network benefits from lower connectivity costs, ultrafast speed, and the much-anticipated lower latency, not to mention how better and faster connectivity might boost mobility, farming, healthcare, and retail, or the trillion-dollar increase in global GDP. As businesses begin to progressively roll out 5G-ready devices and infrastructures, it's safe to conclude that connectivity is making significant progress toward the future (McKinsey & Company, 2020).
But, Is It Time To Talk About 6G?
Yes, we've just addressed 5G as the most recent industry innovation.
Indeed, as more than 100 telcos and operators deploy 5G networks and commercial capabilities in the market, their R&D departments, along with several other public and private sector organizations, are already working on (and funding) various projects for the next generation of connectivity (Bloomberg, 2020), namely in Europe (Hexa-X co-funded by the EU), the United States, and China. 6G is a technology that will employ high-frequency terahertz airwaves to finally bridge the digital, physical, and human worlds.
We've spoken about how telcos are leveraging AI and machine learning to automate infrastructure operations, and 2022 will be a wonderful year in this regard.
Closely related to the development of 5G networks, which is serving as a spur for AI and ML integration, the new era of artificial intelligence makes use of massive amounts of data to forecast peak traffic, provide better end-to-end service, and improve connection. Telcos may use these technologies to increase network capabilities, provide a more seamless client experience, and, of course, automate infrastructure.
According to Aiste Kryzanovske of VoIP Review, the value of AI/ML may also be quantified in the battle against fraud. “Artificial intelligence will be of great benefit, as anomalies are detected more quickly, and configurable anti-fraud actions are initiated”.
As data creation and consumption reach unprecedented levels, businesses – particularly telcos – will need to improve their statistical information management with the right tools and software that, when powered by AI, can produce meaningful insights on consumer behavior and generate new revenue opportunities.
According to ABI Research, synchronization of edge servers with telecommunications infrastructure will be a $54 billion opportunity in three years. Furthermore, IDC predicts that by 2023, 45 percent of IoT-generated data would be stored, processed, and analyzed at network edges.
There are several causes for this, the most important of which is the creation of new business models. Automated cars, for example, or remotely operated surgical robotics, rely largely on good communication and low latency levels. It is vital for such devices that data be communicated in real-time and actions be done immediately. As a result, businesses use edge computing to achieve the lowest feasible latency.
Edge computing refers to relocating computation from data centers to the network's edge. As a result, smart items, mobile phones, and network gateways deliver cloud-based services.
Furthermore, edge computing enables faster processing of real-time data gathered and delivered via linked devices.
In the post-pandemic era, demand for household and industrial IoT devices and applications will continue to rise dramatically.
As of 2020, the globe had installed 20 billion active IoT devices (Statista, 2020), with 127 IoT devices connecting per second. Simply amazing. The figure is predicted to rise to 75 billion linked devices by 2025, which is only 47 months away.
This opens up a huge potential for carriers to invest in IoT devices across the board. The epidemic has sparked a surge in demand for smart home gadgets, and the huge gains in connection that 5G delivers will enable IoT devices to transmit real-time data quickly.
For example, IoT devices are divided into five major categories:
Consumer IoT: light fixtures, home appliances, and voice assistants.
Commercial IoT: such as smart pacemakers, monitoring systems, and vehicle to vehicle communication (V2V).
Industrial IoT: innovations in production processes such as farming, smart agriculture, and industrial big data.
Infrastructure IoT: this is where telcos come in, in terms of connectivity. Telecoms can allow seamless connectivity by utilizing infrastructure sensors, management systems, and user-friendly user apps.
Military IoT: application of IoT technologies in the military field, such as robots for surveillance, among others.
The telecommunications business is the greatest in absolute size within the IT sector, yet it has only contributed 14 percent of total IT growth (Brookings, 2019). Data processing, internet publishing, and other information services, on the other hand, are the fastest-growing areas of the service-producing industries.
In 2022 and beyond, XaaS will dominate IT spending. As investment in legacy technologies (hardware, software, services, and telecommunications) stabilizes, investment in blockchain and other disruptive technologies will rise above average, as funds are redirected to cloud, mobile, social, and big data analytics.
It satisfies our fundamental needs. Information technology, as well as the capacity to interact and communicate, is an essential component of how modern society functions. Telecommunication has become the cornerstone for businesses, governments, communities, and families to easily connect and share information in today's digital economy.
Telecommunication is the transmission of information over a long distance using electrical impulses or electromagnetic waves. Telephone networks, radio broadcasting systems, computer networks, and the Internet are all examples of telecommunications systems.
This year's focus is on 5G installations and the enormous gain in connection, speed, and business transformation they offer. However, it will not be the only development influencing telecoms in 2022. (projects on 6G are already underway, for instance).
According to research, telecommunications will continue to retain global competitiveness and increase labor productivity while embracing emerging technologies with the potential to change the customer experience, network growth, and infrastructure management.
As network needs become bigger by the day, we should expect the telecom industry to shepherd innovation through the new normal. Consistent connection and improved customer service may become the two defining characteristics of telecoms in the future.